Regional Profile

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REGION X

 

The administrative jurisdiction of Northern Mindanao covers five (5) provinces: Bukidnon, Lanao del Norte, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental, and the island province of Camiguin.  It has two (2) urbanized cities, Cagayan de Oro City and Iligan City.  It also has seven (7) component cities: El Salvador City, Gingoog City, Malaybalay City, Oroquieta City, Tangub City, and Valencia City; and a total of 84 municipalities and 2,022 barangays.  Its regional center is Cagayan de Oro City.

 

It is bounded on the north by the Mindanao Sea, Western Mindanao on the west, CARAGA Region on the east, and on the south by Regions 11 and 12.  It geographically lies within Latitude 7º15′ to 9º15′ North and Longitude 123º30′ to 125º30′ East.

 

POPULATION

According to the 2007 National Statistics Office Census, Region X has a total population of 3,952,437, broken down as follows: Bukidnon with 1,190,284 inhabitants; Misamis Oriental with 748,885; Lanao del Norte with 538,283; Misamis Occidental with 531,680; and Camiguin with 81,293.

Northern Mindanao is the ninth most populous region in the Philippines and the second in Mindanao (after Davao Region) based on Census 2007.  Its major urban area is Metro Cagayan de Oro, which includes Cagayan de Oro City and some municipalities and cities of Misamis Oriental and Bukidnon.  The region’s population density in 2010 was 210 persons per square kilometer. 

LAND USE AND FORESTRY

The region has a total land area of 1,714,803 hectares, of which 897,134 hectares are established as forestland and 817,669 hectares are alienable & disposable lands.  Per 2011 Philippine Forestry Statistics, the region has a total forest cover of 337,493 hectares, distributed as follows: Bukidnon with 172,595 hectares; Lanao del Norte with 68,625; Misamis Occidental with 43,880; Misamis Oriental with 45,026; and Camiguin with 7,367 hectares of existing forests.

 

As of 2015, a total of 294 Community-Based Forest Management (CBFM) Agreements were signed  in the region involving 20,922.05 hectares of forestland, and benefitting 28,122 households and 294 people’s organizations.  The CBFM is a government strategy which “gives the management of forests back to the people.”  It offers long-term security of tenure to partner-communities and promotes an integrated approach to sustainable forest resource management.

 

The region also participated in the National Greening Program, a flagship program of President Benigno S. Aquino III which aims to reforest the entire Philippines within 2011-2016.  In 2015 alone, Region X was able to rehabilitate 77,784 hectares of open and denuded lands by conducting massive tree planting activities involving its citizens, thereby expecting to increase the region’s forest cover.

Province Municipality A & D Timberland Total Area
BUKIDNON Baungon             13,360.18                        19,473.82                   32,834.00
Libona             14,971.93                        22,465.07                   37,437.00
Talakag             37,567.63                        41,072.37                   78,640.00
Malitbog               7,237.00                        50,948.00                   58,185.00
Sumilao             10,241.00                          9,454.00                   19,695.00
Manolo Fortich             30,358.00                        11,002.00                   41,360.00
Impasug-ong             18,838.00                        86,279.00                105,117.00
Malaybalay City             39,714.32                        57,204.68                   96,919.00
Cabanglasan             10,490.09                        13,839.91                   24,330.00
Lantapan             18,524.57                        14,310.43                   32,835.00
San Fernando               7,676.91                        62,829.09                   70,506.00
Valencia City             37,436.64                        21,292.36                   58,729.00
Don Carlos             12,958.30                          8,413.70                   21,372.00
Kitaotao               6,917.08                        71,960.92                   78,878.00
Quezon             29,960.32                        32,725.68                   62,686.00
Dangcagan               5,043.51                        37,225.49                   42,269.00
Kibawe               7,511.30                        22,901.70                   30,413.00
Damulog               5,556.12                        18,862.88                   24,419.00
Kadingilan               6,500.74                        10,693.26                   17,194.00
Kalilangan             15,260.99                          9,882.01                   25,143.00
Pangantucan             21,241.00                        24,931.00                   46,172.00
Maramag             22,967.12                        21,758.88                   44,726.00
SUB-TOTAL          380,332.75                     669,526.25            1,049,859.00
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MISAMIS ORIENTAL Cagayan de Oro              17,207.27                        24,072.73                   41,280.00
Alubijid             10,345.00   -                    10,345.00
Claveria             21,204.00                        35,695.00                   56,899.00
El Salvador City               8,713.00                     8,713.00
Gitagum               4,340.00                     4,340.00
Initao             10,133.00                              994.00                   11,127.00
Jasaan               7,702.00                     7,702.00
Laguindingan               1,674.00                     1,674.00
Libertad               2,398.00                     2,398.00
Lugait               1,784.00                              961.00                     2,745.00
Manticao             12,301.00                   12,301.00
Naawan               3,474.00                          5,376.00                     8,850.00
Opol               8,057.00                          9,456.00                   17,513.00
Tagoloan               5,258.00                          6,515.00                   11,773.00
Vilanueva               4,880.00                     4,880.00
Balingasag             14,356.00                              355.00                   14,711.00
Balingoan               4,314.00                          1,466.00                     5,780.00
Binuangan               3,043.00                     3,043.00
Gingoog City             36,460.00                        20,384.00                   56,844.00
Kinoguitan               4,256.00                     4,256.00
Lagonglong               6,012.00                          2,366.00                     8,378.00
Magsaysay             14,770.00                              456.00                   15,226.00
Medina             14,829.00                   14,829.00
Salay               5,731.00                          3,548.00                     9,279.00
Sug-bongcogon               2,651.00                     2,651.00
Talisayan             11,079.00                          2,954.00                   14,033.00
SUB-TOTAL          236,971.27                     114,598.73                351,570.00
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MISAMIS OCCIDENTAL Bonifacio               8,517.10                          6,984.90                   15,502.00
Clarin               5,417.00                          3,033.00                     8,450.00
Ozamis City             15,342.00                          1,653.00                   16,995.00
Don Victoriano                        28,460.00                   28,460.00
Sinacaban               5,899.00                          4,010.00                     9,909.00
Tangub City             10,491.75                          5,786.25                   16,278.00
Tudela               8,396.00                          1,456.00                     9,852.00
Aloran               6,612.00                          5,194.00                   11,806.00
Baliangao               4,208.00                          3,964.00                     8,172.00
Calamba               4,143.54                          6,320.46                   10,464.00
Concepion                          6,160.00                     6,160.00
Jimenez               5,456.96                          2,686.04                     8,143.00
Lopez Jaena               7,895.45                          1,574.55                     9,470.00
Oroquieta              10,112.00                        13,676.00                   23,788.00
Panaon               3,860.04                              819.96                     4,680.00
Plaridel               7,014.26                              985.74                     8,000.00
Sapang Dalaga               3,168.61                          6,224.39                     9,393.00
SUB-TOTAL          106,533.71                       98,988.29                205,522.00
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LANAO DEL NORTE Bacolod               6,308.98                          4,101.02                   10,410.00
Baloi               5,087.94                          4,010.06                     9,098.00
Kauswagan               5,997.69                                39.31                     6,037.00
Linamon               1,586.83                          6,051.17                     7,638.00
Maigo               9,296.40                          2,848.60                   12,145.00
Matungao               9,927.03                        (5,353.03)                     4,574.00
Pantao-Ragat               5,660.11                          6,769.89                   12,430.00
Pantar               2,998.57                          4,041.43                     7,040.00
Poona-Piagapo               3,712.26                        22,294.60                   26,006.86
Tagoloan               6,520.22                              449.78                     6,970.00
Iligan             33,210.00                        48,127.00                   81,337.00
Kolambugan             10,909.83                          2,545.17                   13,455.00
Tubod             17,224.31                          7,455.69                   24,680.00
Baroy               7,207.79                                27.21                     7,235.00
Lala             10,496.19                          3,528.81                   14,025.00
Kapatagan             10,734.64                        13,554.16                   24,288.80
Sultan Naga Dimaporo             10,786.23                        (3,674.23)                     7,112.00
Nunungan                   136.00                        47,192.00                   47,328.00
Salvador               7,230.25                        (1,930.25)                     5,300.00
Magsaysay               6,760.99                          8,422.01                   15,183.00
Tangkal               1,624.00                        16,238.00                   17,862.00
Munai               5,024.00                        14,726.00                   19,750.00
Sapad               9,296.40                        (6,722.40)                     2,574.00
SUB-TOTAL          187,736.66                     194,742.00                382,478.66
CAMIGUIN Catarman               6,732.00                              710.00                     7,442.00
Guinsiliban               1,810.00                              262.00                     2,072.00
Mahinog               4,476.00                              302.00                     4,778.00
Mambajao               7,111.00                          3,372.00                   10,483.00
Sagay               3,594.00                              818.00                     4,412.00
SUB-TOTAL            23,723.00                         5,464.00                  29,187.00
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GRAND TOTAL          935,297.39                 1,083,319.27            2,018,616.66

 

 

CLIMATE

Generally, rainfall in Northern Mindanao is evenly distributed throughout the year.  It has abundant vegetation, natural springs, and a high elevation which contribute to the region's cool, mild, and invigorating climate.

 

WILDLIFE

The wild bird species Mcgregor's cuckoo-shrike (Coracina mcgregori) can be found in Mt. Malindang, Mt. Kitanglad, Mt. Bliss, and in Daggayan, Misamis Oriental.  Efforts to conserve this species are ongoing, considering its vulnerable status.

 

PROTECTED AREAS

The following sites in the region have been proclaimed by law as protected areas and components of the National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS):

1. Mimbilisan Protected Landscape (Misamis Oriental)

2.Baliangao Protected Landscape/Seascape (Misamis Occidental)

3.Initao-Libertad Protected Landscape/Seascape (Misamis Oriental)

4.Mt. Kitanglad Natural Park (Bukidnon)

5.Mt. Kalatungan Range Natural Park (Bukidnon)

6.Mt. Malindang Natural Park (Misamis Occidental)

7.Timpoong & Hibok-hibok Natural Monument (Province of Camiguin)

8.Bacolod-KauswaganProtected  Landscape/Seascape (Lanao del Norte)

9. Mt. Inayawan Natural Park  (Lanao del Norte)

10. Mt. Balatukan Range Natural Park (Bukidnon)

 

DENR JURISDICTION

The Regional Office of DENR-REGION X has five (5) Provincial Environment and Natural Resources Offices (PENROs) located in Bukidnon, Camiguin, Lanao del Norte, Misamis Occidental, and Misamis Oriental.  Its Community Environment and Natural Resources Offices (CENROs) are to be found in Don Carlos, Valencia City, Manolo Fortich, Talakag, Iligan City, Kolambugan, Oroquieta City, Ozamis City, Initao, and Gingoog City.

 

 

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(NOTE: Subject to the result of the Cadastral Survey conducted by DENR, Land Management Bureau)