Area Development, Subsidiarity and Federalism BY PHILIP CAMARA ON JANUARY 5, 2017 ANALYSIS

TIMES of crisis are windows for great opportunity. That is an old Chinese saying. But in these troubling times (for many), what opportunities indeed lie ahead? There are quite a few and the promising thing is they seem to be opportunities that would open up given current trajectories or the way things are unfolding. Indeed, 2017 may be the year that developmental change finally proceeds.

The world is shifting away from the international policies of recent decades that, while they have created well-being for unprecedented billions of people, have likewise resulted in great tensions. Not just tensions between peoples but tensions between people and their environment and even tensions inside people due to an identity overly linked to consumerism rather than their inherent truths; consumerism that threatens the very sustainability of Mother Earth.

One such opportunity is the re-emergence within government of the area development paradigm or development framework under Environment and Natural Resources Secretary Gina Lopez. While Sixto K. Roxas was its initial advocate in the late 1960s it had unfortunately been bastardized in several big government projects that went puff! (just as the autonomous regional experience is going puff!) due to wrongful implementation, which in turn was due to a misunderstanding of what area, development is basically about.

With Secretary Gina at the helm of a major government department that has a direct and meaningful role in national development, the area development paradigm is set to take off and this time under the leadership of a capable and knowledgeable environment and natural resources secretary. For one, Secretary Gina has been a practitioner of area development approaching the various undertakings of the ABS-CBN Foundation in Palawan and other provinces wherein the local people were the implementers and the beneficiaries of the eco-tourism projects that simply highlighted the potential of their area (thus the term area development).

Secretary Gina knows that with the Philippines’ archipelagic territory, the mountain ridge ecosystem connects by streams, creeks, rivers to the various other ecosystems until the final one (within our territory), the coral reef ecosystem, the totality of which was once teeming with life. “Life in all its fullness” was certainly what the Philippines was (before the times of colonization and industrialization. But alas, development was under the unitary and sectoral paradigm).

Area development deepens this understanding of the fragile but critical relationships between and among interconnected ecosystems and working with the local people applies the principle of subsidiarity which states that functions and decision-making should be undertaken at the lowest possible hierarchical level and the role of the higher organizational level is to support those lower units undertaking the functions.

As Secretary Gina says, “area development is about nurturing and helping the local people nurture their local areas to unleash [their]productive potential”. This means making development based on the potentialities of the area. This is the better opposite to what has been going on since the Philippines became a country under colonial masters where the desires of the corporations were simply imposed on local areas that suited their businesses. And since business was all that mattered, they generally left the place worse off and, in many instances killing off the ecosystem that the locals could have relied on for sustenance.The zenith of this “devil may care” attitude seems to be the guiding principle of many large mines that decimate the geological and hydrological functions of the ecosystem leaving the locals in perpetual risk and scamming the Filipino people by leaving behind a permanent pit hole of humongous dimensions. It wouldn’t be surprising if the economic tab left behind by derelict mines long abandoned by mining companies that have been in turn abandoned by their shareholders are simply dumped on you and me, the taxpayers. Secretary Gina calls this “madness”.

Under the principle of subsidiarity, it is government’s role to assist local people co-create local sustainable economies based on the perpetual beneficial use of the local ecosystem bounties for even distant future generations. Thus, the shift towards federalism is timely in that area development and subsidiarity are wholly compatible with federalism. In fact, they are necessary complements to genuine federalism. Where unitarism (our present centralized system) brought us corporate-led sectoral and highly inequitable development, federalism should usher in community-based, ecosystem-sensitive area development that gives everyone who wants a chance to participate in the local economy that opportunity.

Thus, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) is leading the way by selecting 29 priority areas to demonstrate area development and is enlisting the help of the Sixto K. Roxas Foundation that targets poverty eradication by creating the template of an expanded local social accounting matrix of the value-adding power of the local sectors and how incomes are distributed (or not distributed locally but remitted out of the local area). Secretary Gina wants all programs of the DENR like the National Greening Program, Bamboo Program, Biochar Program, Mangrove Rehabilitation Programs, and Mining Programs to be re-crafted along the principles of area development with its concrete manifestation of viable community enterprises that are networked to build up to scale and demonstrate the opposite of “trickle-down” (pinatulo) towards the alternative of “nurturing upwards,” or pinatubo. 

President Duterte seems to be instinctively aware that the ideological lines are not anymore between the “left vs. the right,” the old Cold War mentality of these old ideologies (that ironically are united in their pinatulo paradigm as both ideologies rely on trickle-down sectors to benefit the locals) but between the primacy of nurturing people and ecosystems versus sectoral corporations (that have grown so large, moneyed and powerful), or in other words “pinatulo” vs. “pinatubo”. Thus, the push for federalism as a government organizational set-up where now, finally, area development can be its favored bride guided by the vow of subsidiarity.

 

The author, a co-convenor of the Subsidiarity Movement International and the Federalist Forum of the Philippines, advocates for the bottom-up development model as well as proper decentralization, and the strengthening of regional governance. He served for 12 years in the Regional Development Council of Central Luzon as chair of the economic committee. He was a consultant for the Philippine Alternative Fuels Corp. (PAFC) and was on the board of trustees of the HARIBON Foundation. He is currently a member of the board of advisors of CDPI.

News

Provincial, Sub-watersheds Management Councils organized for Lake Lanao River Basin

Planning and implementation of the different phases of the Integrated Natural Resources and Environmental Management Project (INREMP) will soon commence with the recent creation of the Watershed Management Councils for Lake Lanao River Basin.    

The Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Region 10 (DENR 10) and the Provincial Government of Lanao del Sur recently conducted a meeting with  stakeholders for the organization of the watershed management councils for Lake Lanao River Basin.  

The Watershed Management Council is composed of representatives from the provincial and municipal government units, government agencies/institutions, academe, civil society organizations and the private sector. 

INREMP aims to address unsustainable watershed management in the project site.  It focuses on indigenous people and resource-poor communities by reducing watershed degradation, forest denudation, and unsustainable farming practices by generating sufficient and tangible economic benefits. 

Lanao del Sur Provincial Governor Bedjoria Soraya A. Adiong called on participants to cooperate for the proper management and implementation of INREMP.

She further said that  failure to protect the lake will have a negative impact on the lives  not only of the  Maranaos but also to  all  Mindanaoans. 

Governor Adiong stressed the economic, recreational, aesthetic, cultural, educational, scientific and ecological benefits of Lake Lanao. 

For her part, DENR 10 Regional Director Ruth M. Tawantawan sought the help of the Maranaos to successfully implement INREMP. She said the Watershed Management Council has a “very crucial role because it is the governing body in the decision making process and project’s planning and implementation activities.” 

The Provincial and five sub-watershed management councils were installed into office by Mindanao Development Authority (MinDA) Secretary Datu Abul Khayr Dangcal Alonto  represented by Lourdile S. Enjambre. 

The Provincial Watershed Management Council is chaired by Governor Adiong and co-chaired by DENR 10 Regional Director Tawantawan with members coming from other government entities/organizations and civil society organizations  and the chairpersons of the five sub-watershed management councils. 

The Lake Lanao River Basin comprises 27 municipalities of Lanao del Sur and Marawi City.  

The meeting was an offshoot of the Memorandum of Agreement signed in September 21, 2016 between DENR 10 and the Provincial Government of Lanao del Sur for the implementation of INREMP.   It was also attended by Vice Governor  Mamintal Adiong, Jr., municipal mayors and representatives from various sectors of society.

INREMP is a seven year (2013-2020) project of DENR with funding support from Asian Development Bank, International Fund for Agricultural Development, Global Environmental  Facility and Climate Change Fund.  The project sites of INREMP are Chico River Basin in the Cordillera Administrative Region, Wahig-Inabanga River Basin in Bohol, Bukidnon River Basin in Northern Mindanao and Lake Lanao Watershed in the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao. (RSCIS # 01-02-2017)

 

Photo Releases

 

Enhanced NGP Site Validation Results Meeting. Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Region 10 (DENR 10) National Greening Program (NGP) Regional Coordinator Ester A. Olavides (left) presents the result of the recently concluded technical monitoring and evaluation (more...)

ASSESSMENT AND IEC PLANNING WORKSHOP. DENR 10 Regional Director Ruth M. Tawantawan (standing) encourages the information officers to be effective and efficient (more...)

INREMP INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECT.  DENR 10 Regional Director Ruth M. Tawantawan (seated, center) with local chief executives from Bukidnon (more...)

CBFM Knowledge Building Workshop on Good Practices in FRM. DENR 10-Assistant Regional Director (ARD) for Technical Services Felix S. Mirasol, Jr., (standing) stresses that DENR Secretary Regina Paz L. Lopez wants (more...

TALAKAYAN SA PIA. DENR 10 Regional Director Ruth M. Tawantawan (left) discusses the programs, projects and activities of the department on protecting and conserving river basins and watersheds (more...)

TALAKAYAN SA PIA. Forester Fidel V. Gamos Jr. (2nd from left), Head, DENR 10-River Basin Management Project Office (left) answers queries on the rehabilitation of Cagayan de Oro River Basin (more...)

DENR 10 Regional Director Ruth M. Tawantawan (left) acknowledges the effort of the Philippine Army, Philippine National Police and the Philippine Air Force and other members (more...)

Regional Director Catalino E. Chan of the Department of Tourism, Region 10 turns-over the chairmanship (more...

HANDOG TITULO PROGRAM. Assistant Regional Director for Management Services Ester A. Olavides (4th from right), Community Environment and Natural Resources (CENR) Officer Aldrich S. Resma (more...)

PEOPLE'S DAY IN BUKIDNON. OIC, Provincial Environment and Natural Resources Officer of Bukidnon Ma. Theresa J. Allen (more...)

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